Quote from #dn42: hexa: nobody runs racoon on their free will :).

See also strongSwan

The keys are generated with plainrsa-gen.

Usage: plainrsa-gen [options]

  -b bits       Generate <bits> long RSA key (default=1024)
  -e pubexp     Public exponent to use (default=0x3)
  -f filename   Filename to store the key to (default=stdout)
  -i filename   Input source for format conversion
  -h            Help
I'd probably go with 4096 bits.

in your racoon.conf:

path certificate "/etc/racoon/keys";

listen {

remote {
  exchange_mode main;
  certificate_type plain_rsa "local.priv.key";
  peers_certfile plain_rsa "remote.pub.key";
  proposal {
    authentication_method rsasig;
    lifetime time 8 hour;
    encryption_algorithm aes256;
    hash_algorithm sha256;
    dh_group modp1024;

See also

Debian specific configuration